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Pakistani Scientists in Physics

Physics in the light of the Quran

The Universe is very vast and the presence of dark matters and energies in it that are keeping 95% of the Universe hidden from us. So far Scientists have been able to explore only 4 to 5% of it. 

Many people think that Science and Faith are two distinct concepts, and their paths would never cross, but the truth is Science strengthens faith as far as Islam is concerned. Quran mentioned about Big Bang theory and the expansion of the Universe and science was able to discover these facts 1400 years later from the revelation of the Quran. 

In 1929, Hubble discovered that light emitted from galaxies was reddish, which means that the frequency observed by Hubble was less than the frequency emitted from the galaxy. He proved that the galaxy was moving away from the earth. This theory proved the knowledge mentioned in the Quran that everything in the universe moves away from each other and the universe is expanding. 

Muslim Physicists and their contributions in the field of Physics 

Muslim scientists studied acoustic, its origin, and transfer in the air. They were the first to discover that sound is affected by the body that produces it and moves in the air in the form of circular waves. The occurrence of echo as a reflection of the air when it hit a high mountain, was also interpreted by Muslim scientists for the first time in history. 

Abu-Rihan Al-Beruni was a Muslim physicist to determine the specific density of 18 types of precious stones. He interpreted the exit of water from geysers and artesian wells. 

Abu al-Fath Abd al-Rahman Mansour al-Khāzini was also a very well renowned Muslim physicist, he developed different theories in physics like the theory of Obliquity and Inclination and the theory of Impulse. These theories played a major role in kinetics. 

Pakistani Physicists and their contribution 

Pakistan is an underdeveloped and resourceless country in the world, yet it has given birth to many genii with big brains and deep-thinking abilities, and they have contributed a lot to the field of science and technology. 

The first one is Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, was a metallurgical engineer having a deep knowledge about contractions and the making of metal. He also had a lot of knowledge about nuclear science and contributed a lot to this field of science. He was the man behind Pakistan’s nuclear program, and he was known as “the father of Pakistan’s atomic weapon program”. 

Water leakages in nuclear power plants were leading to the destruction of a nuclear bomb, and this was a matter of highest concern in the atomic world.  An instrument was developed to detect the water leakage in nuclear power plant by a Pakistani nuclear physicist named Sultan Bashiruddin Mahmood, who was working with the atomic formation commission of Pakistan. 

Abdus Salam was also a renowned Pakistani theoretical physicist and the first Muslim Nobel laureate in science. He was the first to give the theory of the neutrino and the theory of electroweak unification, for which he won a Nobel prize later. The neutrino theory or a theory of particle physics led to the foundation for the development of the Higgs boson (the particle is responsible for giving all other particles their mass) in 2012. Abdus Salam’s other contribution includes the Pati-Salam model, magnetic photon, vector meson, Grand unified theory, and work on supersymmetry. 

Sohail Khan was a physics professor at Loughborough University, he developed a lavatory that helped transform human waste into minerals- which can be used as a conditioner for soil and fuel in the car. 

Asad A. Abidi, an electrical engineer famous for groundbreaking developments in single-chip radios. His electronic devices and circuits form the basis of many of today’s mobile devices.

Faheem Hussain was a theoretical physicist and a professor at LUMS. He worked at the National center for physic as a research scientist in the field of superstring theory. He was the first Pakistani scientist to publish a paper in the field of superstring theory and made a lot of contributions to this field. 

Muhammad Suhail Zubairy was a physicist in quantum optics, he made a pioneering contribution in the field of laser and optical physics. 

Samar Mubarakmand is a physicist known for his contribution to gamma spectroscopy and the experimental development of the linear accelerator. He was also part of Pakistan’s first atomic test mission. 

The list goes on and on and many scientists in Pakistan contributed a lot to the field of science and physics especially. 


Writer: Shazia Samsam

Bs Economic 

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