The application of equipment, tools, technique and strategies, automotive , airforce specifically in combating purposes other than civilian welfare is called military technology. It includes manufacturing of warfare materials, repair and replenish it. Military technology has vital stature in nation state system of international politics. It can be used to deter an enemy, to pursued ones desired objectives, in coercive diplomatic umbrella and defense purposes. Human society has evolved through achievements of self interests by diplomacy and force. The human traits has generated combating strategies to invade its rival. The use of force sometimes become inevitable to achieve hegemony in specific region. The military and technology share a distinctive relationship since ages. There are both negative and positive influence of military technology. In the remote past agricultural society had lesser military superiority as the transport was slow and small economic capabilities. Smaller economic development meant the benefits of conquest would not pay off a heavy investment in weaponry. A heavy dependence on human muscle was required in combating arena was the cause of low level of development. European methods of warfare ultimately dominated the world. The technology of war advanced first and fastest in Europe,
Today’s technology of war can be divided into five categories. Offensive warfare harm the enemy whereas defensive weapons curtail offensive blows. Transportation technology moves soldiers and weaponry; communications coordinate the movements of armed forces; and sensors detect forces and guide weaponry.
It is helping to create new advantages for infantry and arms. Instruments like guided missilery systems, drones and explosive defense systems for tanks or APCs, advanced biosensors for soldiers, 3D printable weaponry, and other noticeable trends in soldier tech.
The global military apparatus is witnessing significant transformations and is leveraging technology trends to strengthen capabilities. Major trends include artificial intelligence (AI), robotics, and the internet of things (IoT) to optimize defense operations and augment military efficiency. Today, conventional warfare is increasingly being replaced by hybrid approaches that also combine cyber warfare and other frontiers. New and emerging technologies are changing the battlefield in four aspects—connectivity, lethality, autonomy, and sustainability.
The nature of warfare has always been largely determined by contemporary technology. AI is one of the most prominent trends as many nations and companies are increasingly spending more on AI research. The industry is also inventing novel weapons and accessory technologies. Similarly, robotics and autonomous systems improve the combat effectiveness of the military as well as impact other trends in the industry. Also, there is a substantial rise in the use of the IoT technologies such as sensors, wearables, and edge computing. Cyberspace is another emerging front and startups develop both cyberattack and cyber defense solutions. Furthermore, immersive technologies find use in military training and combat preparedness. Additive manufacturing boosts the manufacturing capacity for defense components.5G is a crucial enabler of ultra-high-speed connectivity. Moreover, using blockchain the sensitivity of data & processes in the military is preserved. international policy debates on artificial intelligence, autonomy in weapon systems, additive manufacturing, space technologies, biotechnology and cyberwarfare technology, emerging technology and international law, and responsible research and innovation for peace and security.
Advances in science and technology present both opportunities and risks for international peace and security. Cost growth in the development and fielding of technologically advanced weapon systems has become a major economic burden for many nations and is expected to be an enduring and prevalent problem. Government must help policymakers and military leaders develop improved cost-estimating tools and formulate policies that mitigate cost growth in military technology acquisition practices.