STEM EDUCATION IN PAKISTAN
SUBMITTED BY : ENGR. TASKEEN ZAFAR
GRADUATED AS ELECTRICAL ENGINEER FROM
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY,UOS.
SESSION : 2016-2020
HIGHLIGHTING THE ‘‘E’’ IN STEM
STEM Education And Engineering
STEM is an acronym for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. STEM education is the umbrella term for all fields of study and practices that are used to invent and create high-tech products and services that are so much a part of our lives today. STEM is linked with generating high levels of productivity, creating better jobs (and more of them) as well as securing healthy economies. That’s just some of the reasons why the capabilities that come along with STEM – including creative problem solving and critical thinking – are becoming an increasingly large focus in the present era.
At the High School level, the STEM curriculum includes courses such as algebra, calculus, biology, chemistry, and computer science. Engineering draws on all of the STEM fields and applies them to solve problems and to create innovative devices, structures, and software applications..
A 2014 report from the Office of the Chief Scientist revealed that 75 per cent of the fastest- growing occupations require STEM skills. With growing populations, industries and infrastructures, exciting prospects in fields like biotechnology, urban development, information and communications technology, virtual reality and advanced manufacturing are on the rise. In a way, all jobs of the future will be “STEM jobs” – so it makes sense to it in the national curriculum ingrain.
Job Perspectives In Engineering:
Engineering is one of the fastest-growing, most rewarding career areas in the world. Opportunities for young engineers are plentiful and pay above-average wages!
To earn the rewards of being an engineer, however, you must put in place some essential early building blocks, starting in school. Math and science courses will form the basis of your education.
Wouldn’t you like to shape the future instead of having it just happen to you? Did you know that almost everything made by people took the ideas and work of engineers? Just look around at the things that make your life interesting, comfortable, and fun. The dishes and silverware you eat with, television sets, cars, video games, the bridges you cross on highways, airplanes, ships, and spacecraft—even make-up— all take the work of engineers.
Engineers are the people who make things work, who imagine, design, and create. There are many kinds of engineers: Aerospace engineers make flight possible—to another city or all the way to the planets in our solar system. Agricultural engineers help feed our country by making plants and animals grow bigger and stronger. Civil engineers design and construct highways, bridges, and tunnels, even roller coasters. Electrical engineers tame the force that gives us light, heat, and power. Mechanical engineers build machines—from toys that move to the most advanced robots and racing cars. There are Chemical engineers who develop a wide range of products, and even lawyers and doctors who specialize as engineers in their field.
Many of the biggest problems facing the the world require engineering expertise to solve: climate change, feeding a growing population, energy independence, access to clean water, crumbling infrastructure, and others. And with global economic competitiveness inextricably linked to innovation, employers across a wide range of engineering and non-engineering fields such as health care, management, and marketing are seeking employees with engineering knowledge and related skills. These skills include the ability to creatively and systematically solve ill-defined problems, collaboratively work in teams, effectively communicate, and address ethical considerations. Meanwhile, scientific literacy—including engineering concepts—is more important than ever to understanding current events and participating effectively in our democracy.
Engineers are also inventors, developers of new products and ways of doing business. They design cities and towns. The entire communications industry—telephones, radios, television, satellites, and computers—owes its existence to engineering.
There are many types of careers in engineering, as varied as designing commercial airplanes and military fighter jets, building new motors and engines,designing new towns,making entire housing societies, making heavy machines , manufacturing latest technology toys, designing video games and computer software,making robots that make work easier and divide human work load and in many more branches.In fact, the list of professions is nearly endless. No other career field offers more choices than this.